Rack & Pinion replacement | Ford Escort Owners Association (FEOA)

Rack & Pinion replacement

Discussion in 'ZX2 1998-2004 2.0L DOHC' started by Kevin Rogerson, Sep 12, 2019.

  1. Kevin Rogerson

    Kevin Rogerson FEOA Member

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    I am looking for someone to give me steps and pictures if possible for changing out the steering rack on my 2002 Zx2. I have the manual but would like as much information as possible to make it easiest to get it done. Also if any special tools are needed. Thanks
  2. denisond3

    denisond3 Moderator Staff Member

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    south TX or northern VA
    This is all based on having done this 3 times on my 2nd gen LX Escorts. I had the nose of the car jacked up and supported on stacks of heavy lumber, at the point where the control arm pivots on the subframe.
    You will need to get the outer tie rod ends separated from the steering arm on the nuckle - which I do by hammering sideways with the knuckle being off the ground. You need to undo a pinch bolt on the bottom of the steering column. I used an impact wrench on that. You need to unbolt the hydraulic hoses from the rack - which I did by working from above with the battery and battery tray removed.
    The four nuts holding the rack onto the subframe may be rusted up and stiff. With my 2nd gen Escorts, I slid the racks out through the hole in the driver's side fender well, and it was a close fit. Will take some wiggling. I would put in new rubber bushings where the clamps hold the rack to the subframe.
    I also used a rope to keep the steering wheel from rotating while it was disconnected from the rack. I dont know if this was vital, but I wanted to clock-spring inside the steering column to still be 'centered; when I put the steering shaft back into the stub shaft on the rack.

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