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I just put a clutch in a friend's Escort. I drained the lubricant and now can't find a place to refill it. There is a weep hole on the side, but it is much too small. Where is the refill plug?
Where does the speedometer cable connect?
Finally, there is a sensor on the bottom that has two wires. On broke off too close to the sensor to splice back together. What is that for?
Thanks
 

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The only way to fill the 5-speed transmission on a 2nd gen escort, is by taking out the Vehicle Speed Sensor, and filling fluid till it is halfway up the gear on the VSS. This is usually a miserable job, though much easier if you work the VSS loose while the transmission is on the workbench. The VSS gets corroded into the hole in the trans, unless the car lived in a dry climate, like Phoenix. The speedo cable gets jammed down into the top of the VSS.
There are a couple of bolts on the angled front side of the 5-speed, both of which hold important mechanical items in place, (such as the idler shaft for the reverse gear). If you take them out, you may not be able to get them back in still holding the gears and stuff in place. They are NOT for refilling the trans with fluid! On the 3rd gen escorts the trans does have a fill hole, but not the 2nd gen 5-speeds.
There are two switches on the trans, one is to let the trans now you are in reverse and turn on the backup lights, The other one, which is on the very bottom of the trans, is so the PCM will know when you are in 5thg gear, at which point the little 'upshift" light wont come on anymore. I dont need a light to tell me when to shift.

You may want to buy a new VSS in order to see the tiny lip that you can use to pry up, using the tip of a wood chisel driven in horizontally between that lip and the flat top of the trans case. Even this will involve some back aching work at the back side of the engine bay. I find it helpful to take out the large rubber inlet air duct, the battery and the battery tray, in order to be able to get down to the VSS. And be sure to clean the crud off the aluminum part of the VSS before you work it back down into the trans; well slathered with antiseize compound. I have been able to yank the speedo cable out of the top of the VSS, and to get it shoved back in place, but it takes some force. There is a rubber "O" ring on the VSS, just below the top of the aluminum part. This will have sort of 'glued' itself in place, and will resist coming out. The best technique it to turn the VSS back and forth while pulling up.
I check the fluid (dexron) in both of my 5-speed escorts once a year.
 

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This is usually a miserable job,
I was fortunate with mine and yet, it still required a lot of force. To save time, I say he should just go ahead and pull his hair out ahead of time. That way he can work uninterrupted.
 

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I've removed 4 VSS's in my time and only one was usable afterword. So having a spare VSS on hand before checking trans fluid is a good idea. Pulling the VSS once a year is also a good idea, if not to check the trans fluid, but to keep the VSS from becoming one with the transmission housing, and use lots of anti seize.The Speedo cable is held in with a wire clip and there is, or supposed to be, a bolt and dog clamp holding down the VSS. No one mentioned that if you do manage to remove the VSS intact that the O ring is supposed to be replaced (per the manual) before reinstalling. As far as I can tell Ford never gave this o ring a part # to order it by. I bought 50 of them last year with the thought of sending one to anyone requesting one, but I have misplaced the bag. I would also replace the little o ring in the top of the VSS so the trans fluid doesn't work its way up the speedo cable and drip on my shoes ( I've read of this happening).
 

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so the trans fluid doesn't work its way up the speedo cable and drip on my shoes ( I've read of this happening).
raises hand 🖐
Noth'n like having your car piss all over your shoes. 😆
 

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I took a VSS apart, cutting through the plastic part, and found a small rubber "O" ring halfway down inside the plastic part. It was below the hole where the speedo cable fits, above the part where the small magnets were. It didnt look like it was replaceable to me.
 

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I just realized yesterday that the proportioning valves also have o rings. I feel like such a dunce, when mine started leaking I went to the junk yard and bought a new set. Harry's gets 17 each for those now, and they are used!

By the way, I found my o rings for the VSS's. One set per request and only for Escort owners!
 

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denisond3, is this the size of the o ring you found? After reading what you said about finding an o ring deeper in the VSS made me wonder if there is a third o ring to seal the cable itself. Perhaps that o ring gets pulled out with the speedo cable and lost or maybe does not seat correctly when reinstalled resulting in oily shoe syndrome..
Ruler Rectangle Office ruler Wood Font
 

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The one buried in the VSS is only about 3/16" on its inside diameter, since it is around the metal shaft turned by the gear at the bottom of the VSS, and extending up to where that shaft is bigger & hollow, -where it has the square shape on its inside. The square shape is what engages and turns the inner flexible shaft of the speedo cable.
With one of my 5-speeds, even with the new VSS I still get a little trans fluid dribbling onto the front part of the floor mat, but only on long trips; like a 500 mile driving day. I wad up a few sheets of paper towels to soak up the fluid that arrives on the floor mat.
 

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Thank you Denisond3. I have my pulled VSS and my new VSS and looking down into the top opening of the pulled VSS I can see metal turning below the metal tube the cable goes into. On the new one there is a 'black area' around the tube, is that the third o ring? That is, is/would the third o ring (be) visible when looking down into the VSS?

What brand is your new VSS?

Thankfully our 5 speed speedo cable does not leak at all. From 2015 through 2018 we drove from Philadelphia to Los Angeles and back for Thanksgiving and 3 weeks later did it again for Christmas. I drive about 1000 miles a day on these trips and the round trip mileage is 5600, a leak like yours would be intolerable!
 

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sorry, I never kept track of the brand of the VSS's I got, each of them from rockauto(dot)com. I never shined a light to see down into a usee VSS, it was just dark and oily. With the new ones I didnt think to look.
 

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Joey, you think like I do, and I think you found the tool to do it, if it has a real small radius. I would like to look at a mating speedo cable too. Somewhere I have a new FOMOCO cable, but we are getting ready to move and most of the small parts are already packed away.
 

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In the Lincoln LS world, the rule of thumb is use only FOMOCO or Jaguar parts, all others ____(fill in your favorite expletive here). There are aftermarket brands for some parts that work just fine, but the list is short. I carry this philosophy to our Escorts, that's why I wondered about the make of VSS denisond3 used. In 'ATF drips from speedometer cable behind gauges' the replacement VSS leaked, so there is a brand to stay away from.
 

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Yip. Dorman makes some good parts (Dunno whether they do VSS) but reman parts are complete junk, lasting just a fraction of the time that OEM does.
 
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