1993 1.9 litre escort wagon starting issues | Ford Escort Owners Association (FEOA)

1993 1.9 litre escort wagon starting issues

Discussion in '2nd Gen 1991-1996 1.9L SOHC' started by Chris1961, Oct 7, 2019.

  1. Chris1961

    Chris1961 FEOA Member

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    Hi, having trouble. Starter doesn't crank, have pulled and bench tested it and it's fine. All lights and power work. Will run a wire from selonoid to test for starting when I re-install the starter but also want to be ready to check the range sensor (safety neutral switch). Where is it located?
  2. Joey_Twowagons

    Joey_Twowagons FEOA Member

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    Standard or automatic transmission?
    On a standard it's on the clutch pedal, automatic I believe is a multifunction switch on the transmission itself.

    Try pushing and twisting on the battery terminals as a quick test of those connections.
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  3. Chris1961

    Chris1961 FEOA Member

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    Hi Joey, sorry should have mentioned it's an automatic. The first thing I did was put on new battery clamps. Starter bench tested and back in. Put a jumper on the selonoid and with the key on, touched the jumper wire to the battery and it started. So now, this Saturday I will check the ignition and if there is power there in and out the last thing to check will be the neutral safety switch. I did some more reading since posting this and I think I have to follow the shift cable to the tranny. Was hoping some one could confirm this or might even have a pic. I have a repair manual but it doesn't mention or show it.
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  4. denisond3

    denisond3 Moderator Staff Member

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    Yes, the neutral safety switch on the automatic trans is also the 'range sensor'. It turns on the backup lights when you put the trans in reverse too.
    Its located atop the trans, and is installed around the shaft going vertically into the trans for the shifter. Its held in by two small bolts, and has a couple of connectors close by. The hard part for removal is getting the metal lever on the top of the shifting shaft off. You must hold the metal lever from turning, so you can unscrew the nut. The nut might be a 20mm or larger. If you just twist that nut, you might bend the lever that is on the bottom of the shaft, down inside the transmission.
    Then with that nut and lever off the top of the trans, the neutral safety switch can be unbolted and slid up and off. Getting the connectors apart undamaged will be a puzzle too I think.
    I look for replacements of that switch on ebay, but havent seen any for a long time. They have the wires connected to them, going to the mating connector about 6 inches away. What you see on ebay from a search for "ford escort neutral safety switch" are mostly the ones from the 3rd generation Escorts. These would likely fit on your car, but are not going to work. I thing the switch for the 2nd gens Escorts is a multi-position switch, while the one for the 3rd gen Escorts is a voltage divider.

    Escorts are also known to have bad ignition switches, which might be a reason why the starter doesnt work. That is actually an easier thing to fix; the starter switches (the electric part) can be bought separately. I have replaced that switch on 4 of my 5 Escorts!

    I have removed/replaced the driveline in each of my Escorts. So while I have access to the starter, Im fond of putting a wire to the small terminal of the starter solenoid, and bringing the other end of that wire to where I can coil it up on the 'handle' on the battery; so I can get the car to start at some future day when the interlocks (ign sw or neutral safety sw) decide to fail me.
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  5. marclar

    marclar Moderator Staff Member

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    here is a video i made on how to test and diagnose the starting system. also, i am going to move this thread to the 2nd gen section.

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  6. JamesGarfield

    JamesGarfield FEOA Donator

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    I also had a no-crank problem a while ago, that got worse as time went on. Turned out to be a loose wire on the starter / solenoid terminal. Ford actually sent out a TSB to address this. They recommended (and sent) a different type of connector, that would be less likely to work loose with time and environmental stress.

    I figured, the original had lasted 20 years, so I'll just clean it up and tighten it properly, and we'll see about another 20 years.
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  7. Chris1961

    Chris1961 FEOA Member

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    I'll move to the ignition next and hope I find the problem before I get to the range sensor, LOL. Now I know where it is, I already know which wires to check so at least the diagnosis should go fairly quickly. I appreciate the reply, thanks very much.
  8. Chris1961

    Chris1961 FEOA Member

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    Thanks everyone
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  9. Chris1961

    Chris1961 FEOA Member

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    Wish I'd seen this before pulling and bench testing the starter, your way is faster and cleaner LOL. Very informative. Thanks for taking the time to post this video.
  10. Chris1961

    Chris1961 FEOA Member

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    Thanks James, when I disconnected the selonoid I actually thought about changing the connector. It's a box shape and the inside can't be inspected or cleaned. I may still change it as it's simply a crimp on.
  11. marclar

    marclar Moderator Staff Member

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    no worries man. its a common problem.

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